Following the passing of Samson, the Jewish people were led by a high priest named Eli, who ministered in the sanctuary in Shiloh. After Eli’s death, the prophet Samuel becomes the leader of the Jewish people, until he anoints Saul as the first king of Israel. Saul’s reign does not last, however, as G‑d decrees that the crown will be taken from him for having allowed the Amalekite king Agag to live.